London's famous castle – fortress, palace and infamous prison where you can explore 1000 years of history. They are housing the world-famous Crown Jewels. You can take a Yeoman Warder tour and hear stories of pain, betrayal and torture. Meet the famous ravens and see why they are the guardians of the Tower. Watch the White Tower, the Tower of London.
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The Tower of London is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. It has been a tourist attraction since the Elizabethan period. Iy was one of the sights of London that visitors marvelled at.
The Crown Jewels have been on public display since 1669. The Tower gained popularity through the 19th century. Despite the opposition of the Duke of Wellington. At the end of the century, over 500,000 visited the castle every year.
Public interest was fuelled by contemporary writers, including the work of William Harrison Ainsworth. In The Tower of London: A Historical Romance, he created a clear image of underground torture chambers and devices for getting confessions that enticed the public.
Ainsworth also suggested that Beauchamp Tower should be opened to the public so they could see the writing of the 16th- and 17th-century prisoners. Anthony Salvin refurbished the tower and led a further programme for a restoration. John Taylor succeeded Salvin.
Although only one bomb fell on the Tower of London in the First World War, the Second World War left a higher mark. During the Blitz in 1940, bombs damaged the castle. They were destroying several buildings and just missing the White Tower. After the war, the damage was repaired, and the Tower of London was reopened.
A 1974 Tower of London bombing in the White Tower Mortar Room injured many. The police investigated suspicions that the IRA was behind it.
In the 21st century, tourism is the Tower's primary role, with the remaining routine military activities, being wound down. the Tower is still home to the ceremonial regimental headquarters of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. The unit providing the Queen's Guard at Buckingham Palace even mounts a guard at the Tower and alongside the Yeomen Warders takes part in the Ceremony of the Keys every day. Gun salutes are fired from the Tower by the Honourable Artillery Company.
The Tower of London has been cared for by an independent charity, Historic Royal Palaces, which gets no funding from the Government. In 1988, it was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites, due to its global importance. Recent developments, such as the construction of skyscrapers nearby, have pushed the Tower towards the United Nations' Heritage in Danger List. The remains of the palace were open to the public since 2006. visitors can explore the chambers which were once used by past kings and queens. Recently, the grounds of the Tower are also available on a private hire basis for events. The responsibility of day-to-day administration is down to the Resident Governor.
The Constable is hired for a five-year term; General Sir Nick Houghton was made Constable in 2016.
At least six ravens are kept at the Tower at all times. Under the care of the Ravenmaster, one of the Yeoman Warders. The Yeoman Warders also provide guided tours around the Tower. Over 2.8 million people visited the Tower of London in 2017.
The Tower of London, Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
Borough - Tower Hamlets, City of London, Tower Hill.
Founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, got built by William the Conqueror in 1078 to symbolise oppression, inflicted upon London by the ruling elite. The castle was also a prison from 1100 until 1952.
Also,it served as a royal residence.
The Tower of London has played a prominent role in English history. It has been critical to controlling the country. The Tower has been an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, home of the Royal Mint, and the home of the Crown Jewels of England.
Executions were commonly held on the Tower Hill to the north of the castle, with 112 occurring there over 400 years. In the latter half of the century, the Royal Mint moved out of the castle to other locations. Anthony Salvin and John Taylor took the opportunity to restore the Tower to its medieval appearance.
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